Environmental and Social Management Framework for the Rural Sanitation Model and Strategy
The idea of a Rural Sanitation Model and Strategy (RSMS) was borne from the 2006-2010 Country Programme Action Plan between the Ghana Government (GoG) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). There, the need for a strategy to build on the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) whose implementation on a pilot basis at the time had been largely successful was brought to bear. The RSMS seeks to address a lack of a definite plan to scale up sanitation interventions and the gap between demand and supply of sanitary materials and products which were among the shortcomings of the CLTS as the country worked towards improving its sanitation situation. The environmental implications of implementing such a program are appreciated by the proponent, i.e. UNICEF and as such an Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) study was commissioned for the RSMS. The study covers 47 districts in 5 regions i.e. Upper East, Upper West, Northern, Central, and Volta Regions of Ghana.